Qui il report del Parlamento Europeo sul tema
The European Parliament (EP) Committee on Culture and Education (CULT) covers all
the cultural aspects of the EU and thus cultural heritage. CULT in July 2015 organised a
hearing on cultural heritage destruction and trafficking. During the hearing, Unesco, Interpol, ICC, ICCROM specialists and the international law community pointed to
certain problems, such as similarities between artefacts from the Near and Middle East.
Advanced knowledge is required to make it easier for customs officers or purchasers to
identify such items properly. The principle of purchasers' good faith was also questioned
for cases of lasting conflicts.
Parliament's April 2015 Resolution on the destruction of cultural sites perpetrated by
ISIL/Da'esh called for international cooperation to implement international conventions
and resolutions, the inclusion of civil society in international projects on protecting
endangered cultural goods, for geospatial technologies projects (such as an American
Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) project on the use of a geographic
information system for cultural heritage) to rapidly gather, analyse and disseminate
crisis and emergency information, and for the support for research, like Project Mosul.
In June 2015, the EP resolution on the situation in Palmyra and the case of Mazen
Darwish condemned the purposeful and systematic destruction of Palmyra. This
exceptionally well-preserved ancient city, a Unesco World Heritage site, has been
systematically targeted by terrorist cultural violence and government armed forces.